An in depth overview of HTTP/2


HTTP/2 is a new protocol, intended as a higher performance alternative to HTTP/1.1. It introduces several new features, while remaining semantically compatible.

Key Features

HTTP/2 has the following key features compared to HTTP/1.1:

Binary Protocol
HTTP/2 is a binary protocol. This means that it is much more efficient on the wire, however as a result it is no longer human readable without using tools to decode the protocol.

HTTP/2 supports multiplexing several streams over a single connection. This means that a client can send multiple requests on the same connection, and the server can respond in whatever order the responses become available.

Header Compression
HTTP requests and responses generally include a large number of redundant headers. HTTP/2 uses HPACK header compression to greatly compress headers.

Server Push
Server push allows a server to send additional cacheable resources to the client that the client has not explicitly asked for. The allows the server to anticipate the resources the client will request next and send them eagerly, which saves a round trip.